Since 2008, the energy sector has experienced enormous growth in Eemsdelta. The specific characteristics of the region, such as space, availability of cooling water and the presence in time of a good high-voltage grid, create a good location environment for energy companies. The construction of the two large power stations in Eemshaven (Nuon and RWE /Essent), the smaller generation units in Delfzijl (E.ON and Eneco), and the development of the offshore wind-energy parks in the North Sea represent an investment programme of many billions of Euro. The result is strong growth in structural direct employment with many hundreds of jobs and indirect employment increases amongst suppliers with a multiplier of 2.5 to 3. The energy companies in Eemsdelta are not standalone, but form part of a total energy cluster in the northern Netherlands that is united in Energy Valley. The cooperation within the energy cluster is of the highest importance to achieving energy-related projects. Although the Nuon power station is suitable for using coal and biomass (by means of a gassing technique), Nuon has opted not to use coal or biomass to 2020 and Nuon remains a gas-fired power station up to 2020.
Over time, RWE/Essent strives to use 40% biomass in the coal-fired power station. The company Eemsmond Energie has presented plans for the construction of a gas-fired power station east of RWE/Essent. This power station will be focused on the imbalance times during peak use or the absence of electricity from the wind parks.