Over 9000 ships moor in Groningen’s seaports every year. They include approximately 3800 ocean-going vessels, 4000 inland vessels and 1400 passenger ships. That means that there is a lot of shipping movement and this can only rise in the future as the activities in both ports increase. Groningen Seaports makes sure that passage in the ports takes place safely and smoothly. At Groningen Seaports, the nautical service centre is responsible for this task.
Delfzijl has extremely modern and well-equipped trade wharves with all the necessary facilities: ample storage and transhipment capacity and premium quality loading and unloading facilities. In the ports and their immediate vicinity Groningen Seaports operates top quality commercial sites concentrated around industrial and logistics clusters, such as Chemie Park Delfzijl, Metal Park Delfzijl and the Trade Wharf. Delfzijl also has a number of SME sites. The Trade Wharf has a depth of 9 metres. The Eastern Trade Wharf has a total length of 850 metres where general cargo and bulk goods are transhipped. Behind this wharf there are two stevedore companies that see to the storage and transhipment of timber, containers, paper, hardwood trunks, china clay, pulp, general cargo and various other goods.
Eemshaven is a relatively new seaport. The deep-sea port was officially opened by Queen Juliana in 1973. The seaport developed at lightning speed into a logistical hub in the Northwest European sea lanes. Companies settled around the port area at a fast rate. Eemshaven is a multimodal complex with premium industrial and logistics facilities. The seaport offers all of the facilities needed for the storage and transhipment of bulk goods, both wet and dry. But the considerable depth, short transit times and extensive facilities make Eemshaven a fully fledged deep-sea port. The port boasts a modern RoRo terminal and offers all the facilities needed to process containers. Groningen Seaports has also developed the first rate industrial site Energy Park Eemshaven to respond to the increasing demand in the energy market.
The Eemshaven consists of four port basins. The Julianahaven offers facilities for storage and transshipment of general cargo, bulk products, oil and rolling material. The Beatrixhaven is the newest port basin, which has been constructed to accommodate the offshore wind industry and the shortsea traffic. The Wilhelminahaven offers facilities for coal and biomass transshipment, project cargo and general goods. Finally, the Emmahaven facilitates service and maintenance vessels and offers transshipment possibilities for general cargo, oil and project cargo.
The inland ports
Inland shipping in Groningen has been greatly stimulated since the second half of the 19th century. A new canal was built between Groningen and Delfzijl: the Eemskanaal. The canal strongly boosted inland shipping traffic. Throughout the years a great deal of work has been done on the infrastructure to en-courage inland shipping. The recent upgrading of the Lemmer-Delfzijl navigation route has brought this process to a provisional end. Delfzijl now has two inland ports: Farmsumerhaven and Oosterhornhaven.
The Groningen Railport
Groningen Railport in Veendam is one of the Netherlands biggest inland rail terminals. Groningen Rail-port is (GRP) is especially important for containers as a logistics hub between the main ports in the west (Rotterdam, Amsterdam, Antwerp) and the north (Bremen, Hamburg). Groningen Railport is also connected to the European timetable for conventional rail transport. Together with Groningen’s sea ports – Eemshaven and Delfzijl – and the city of Groningen itself, Groningen Railport provides a complete north logistics system.